Home Houseplants ZZ Plant Care Guide: How to Grow and Care for Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

ZZ Plant Care Guide: How to Grow and Care for Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

by Donna
2 minutes read

How to Grow ZZ Plants: A Beginner’s Guide


ZZ plants (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) are easy-to-grow houseplants with glossy, upright leaves. They’re tolerant of neglect and can survive in low light conditions.

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Light: Bright indirect light is best, but they can tolerate lower light levels. Avoid direct sunlight.
  • Temperature: Keep temperatures above 60°F (15°C) year-round.

Planting and Potting

  • Plant in a pot with drainage holes.
  • Use a mix of soil-based or peat-free multi-purpose compost and grit or perlite (2:1 ratio).

Care and Maintenance

  • Watering: Allow the top 2 inches of soil to dry out before watering. Avoid overwatering.
  • Fertilizing: Feed monthly in spring and summer with a houseplant food.
  • Repotting: Repot every two or three years.
  • Cleaning: Wipe leaves occasionally with a damp cloth to keep them shiny.


  • Division: Divide the plant’s tubers and plant them in separate pots.
  • Cuttings: Remove a section with two leaves and a stem. Allow the base to harden and then plant in a mix of compost and perlite.


  • Wilting or wrinkled leaves: Underwatering. Increase watering frequency.
  • Yellow leaves or mushy stems: Overwatering. Allow soil to dry out completely before watering again.
  • Collapsing stems: Check watering regime and adjust. Consider moving the plant to a brighter or warmer spot.
  • Brown patches on leaves: Sunburn. Move the plant to a location with less direct sunlight.
  • Pests: Check for scale insects or spider mites. Treat accordingly.

Buying ZZ Plants

  • Purchase from garden centers, house plant retailers, or online.
  • Choose plants with upright, glossy green leaves and no signs of pests or diseases.

Varieties of ZZ Plants

  • Zamioculcas zamiifolia ‘Raven’: A new variety with almost black leaves.

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