Home Trees False Acacia: A Versatile and Widely Grown Deciduous Tree | Benefits, Care, and More

False Acacia: A Versatile and Widely Grown Deciduous Tree | Benefits, Care, and More

by Gregory
3 minutes read

False Acacia: A Versatile and Widely Grown Deciduous Tree


Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known as false acacia or black locust, is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is native to North America. It is widely grown as a garden tree due to its attractive flowers, foliage, and hardiness. However, it can also be invasive in some areas.

Physical Characteristics

  • Height: Up to 80 feet (25 meters)
  • Spread: Up to 13 feet (4 meters)
  • Leaves: Dark green, pinnate leaves with 7-19 leaflets
  • Flowers: Drooping clusters of lightly fragrant white flowers that resemble acacia flowers
  • Seeds: Dark brown seeds that remain on the tree after the leaves have fallen

Growing Conditions

False acacia is a relatively easy tree to grow. It prefers moist but well-drained, fertile soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil pH levels, from acidic to alkaline. False acacia is also drought-tolerant and can withstand strong winds.

Planting and Care

  • Planting: False acacia can be planted in the spring, summer, or fall. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil.
  • Watering: Water false acacia regularly, especially during the first growing season.
  • Fertilizing: Fertilize false acacia annually with a balanced fertilizer.
  • Pruning: Prune false acacia in late summer or early autumn to remove any suckers at the base and to shape the tree.

Benefits of False Acacia

  • Nitrogen-fixing: False acacia has the ability to fix nitrogen from the air, which makes it a beneficial tree for improving soil fertility.
  • Wildlife value: False acacia provides food and shelter for some wildlife, such as birds and squirrels.
  • Ornamental value: False acacia has attractive flowers and foliage, making it a popular choice for landscaping.

Potential Problems

  • Invasive: False acacia can be invasive in some areas, especially if it is not properly managed. It can spread by suckering from the base and by seed.
  • Suckering: False acacia can produce suckers from the base, which can become a problem if they are not removed.
  • Brittle branches: False acacia branches can be brittle, especially in strong winds.


False acacia is a versatile and widely grown deciduous tree that has both benefits and potential problems. It is important to be aware of the potential problems before planting false acacia in your garden. With proper care and management, false acacia can be a beautiful and beneficial addition to your landscape.

Additional Information

  • Is false acacia poisonous? False acacia has no reported toxicity to humans or animals.
  • What are the different varieties of false acacia? There are several different varieties of false acacia, including the popular ‘Frisia’ variety, which has golden-yellow leaves.
  • How long does false acacia live? False acacia can live for up to 100 years.

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