Home Vegetable Gardening Growing Globe Artichokes: A Complete Guide for Beginners

Growing Globe Artichokes: A Complete Guide for Beginners

by Gregory
2 minutes read

How to Grow and Care for Globe Artichokes

What are Globe Artichokes?

Globe artichokes are large, perennial vegetables that produce delicious, edible flowerheads. They are related to cardoon, an ornamental plant with dramatic leaves.

Planting Globe Artichokes

  • Plant in spring to early summer in warm, sunny, and sheltered areas with well-drained soil.
  • Space plants 2-3 feet apart.
  • Water deeply after planting and keep the soil moist during dry spells.

Caring for Globe Artichokes

  • Cut back dead foliage in fall or winter.
  • Fertilize in spring with a fertilizer high in potassium.
  • Water during dry spells in spring and early summer when buds are forming.
  • Divide and replant every few years to rejuvenate plants.

Harvesting Globe Artichokes

  • Harvest immature flowerheads when they are at least golf ball size.
  • Cut the heads with a sharp knife, leaving a few inches of stem attached.
  • The main crop is harvested in early summer, with a smaller crop later on.

Pests and Diseases

  • Globe artichokes are generally pest-free.
  • Young plants may need protection from slugs and snails.
  • Aphids may occasionally occur, but they can be controlled by natural predators.

Benefits of Growing Globe Artichokes

  • Easy to grow and care for
  • Provide a unique and delicious vegetable
  • Can be used in a variety of dishes
  • Add beauty to gardens with their thistle-like blooms

Tips for Success

  • Purchase named varieties for better yields and reliability.
  • Consider starting from seed for a wider selection of varieties.
  • Protect young plants from pests and diseases.
  • Provide adequate water and fertilizer throughout the growing season.

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