Home Vegetable Gardening How to Grow Peanuts: A Beginner’s Guide

How to Grow Peanuts: A Beginner’s Guide

by Gregory
2 minutes read

How to Grow Peanuts

Peanuts are a fun and easy plant to grow, even for beginners. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

How to Plant Peanut Seeds

  • Choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil.
  • Plant the seeds 3-5cm deep, with a spacing of 30-45cm apart.
  • Water well and keep the soil moist.

How to Care for Peanut Plants

  • As the plants grow, they will send out runners that will eventually bury the pods into the soil. To support this process, place a layer of straw or mulch around the base of the plants.
  • Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  • Peanuts don’t require heavy feeding, but you can apply a balanced fertilizer when planting to provide essential nutrients.
  • Keep the area around the peanut plants free from weeds.

How to Harvest Peanuts

  • Peanuts are ready to harvest 120-150 days after planting.
  • Once the plant has fully wilted, carefully dig up the entire plant, taking care not to damage the peanuts.
  • Shake off any excess soil and lay the plant somewhere away from the rain with good air circulation to dry for a fortnight.
  • After the peanuts have dried, gently remove the pods from the plant. Store them in a dry and well-ventilated area for a further two weeks, to cure.


  • Pests: Aphids, red spider mites, and fungus gnats can all affect peanut plants. Inspect your plants regularly and take appropriate measures if necessary.
  • Diseases: Fungal leaf spot can be prevented by ensuring proper drainage and avoiding overhead watering.


  • Save some peanuts from your harvest to sow the following year.
  • To protect your peanut plants from squirrels, use physical barriers such as netting or wire mesh.

With a little care and attention, you can grow your own delicious peanuts at home.

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