Home Nut Trees Buartnut Trees: The Disease-Resistant Nut Producer for Home Gardeners

Buartnut Trees: The Disease-Resistant Nut Producer for Home Gardeners

by Gregory
3 minutes read

Buartnut Trees: A Disease-Resistant Nut Producer


Have you ever heard of a buartnut tree? It’s a hybrid nut tree that combines the best qualities of butternut and heartnut trees. Buartnut trees are prized for their delicious nuts and their resistance to a deadly fungal disease that has decimated butternut trees in North America.

What is a Buartnut Tree?

To understand the buartnut tree, we need to know a little bit about butternut trees. Butternut trees are native to North America and are valued for their nuts and hardwood. However, they are highly susceptible to a fungal disease called Sirococcus claviginenti-juglandacearum. This disease causes oozing wounds in the butternut trunk and is eventually fatal to the tree.

In an effort to develop a disease-resistant hybrid, growers crossed butternut trees with heartnut trees. The resulting hybrid is the buartnut tree, which gets its name from the first two letters of “butter” and the last three letters of “heart.”

Growing Buartnut Trees

The ‘Mitchell’ cultivar is the most popular choice for growing buartnut trees. It produces the best nuts and has some resistance to the fungal disease.

Buartnut trees grow quickly, reaching six feet tall in one year. They produce nuts within six years, with multiple clusters of nuts on each branch. One tree can yield over 25 bushels of nuts every year.

Buartnut Tree Care

If you’re thinking about growing buartnut trees, there are a few things you need to know about buartnut tree care.

  • Stratification: If you’re growing buartnut trees from seeds, you’ll need to stratify the nuts. This means placing them in a cold, moist environment for about 90 days. This helps them to germinate correctly.

  • Planting: Once the stratification period is over, you can plant the nuts. Don’t let them dry out before planting. Choose a spot that is large enough to accommodate the tree’s mature size. Buartnut trees can grow up to 90 feet tall and have a trunk diameter of four feet.

  • Soil: Buartnut trees prefer well-drained, loamy soil with a pH of 6 or 7.

  • Irrigation: Water the seedling well and regularly for the first year or two of its life.

Benefits of Buartnut Trees

Buartnut trees offer a number of benefits, including:

  • Disease resistance: Buartnut trees are resistant to the fungal disease that has devastated butternut trees.

  • Nutritional value: Buartnuts are a good source of protein, fiber, and vitamins.

  • Versatility: Buartnuts can be eaten fresh, roasted, or used in baking and cooking.

  • Sustainability: Buartnut trees are a sustainable choice for nut production because they are disease-resistant and can grow in a variety of climates.


Buartnut trees are a valuable addition to any landscape or orchard. They are easy to grow, produce delicious and nutritious nuts, and are resistant to a deadly fungal disease. If you’re looking for a unique and rewarding tree to grow, consider planting a buartnut tree.

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